Primal Freeze-Dried Formula Dog Food receives the Advisor’s top rating of 5 stars.
The Primal Freeze-Dried Formula product line includes the 8 raw dog foods listed below.
Primal Freeze Dried Duck (4.5 stars) [A]
Primal Freeze Dried Rabbit [A]
Primal Freeze Dried Venison [A]
Primal Freeze Dried Beef (4 stars) [A]
Primal Freeze Dried Lamb (2.5 stars) [A]
Primal Freeze Dried Chicken (2.5 stars) [A]
Primal Freeze Dried Turkey and Sardine [A]
Primal Freeze Dried Pork [A]
Primal Freeze-Dried Formula Beef recipe was selected to represent the other products in the line for this review.
Primal Freeze-Dried Formula Beef Recipe
Ingredients: Beef hearts, beef livers, ground beef bones, organic kale, organic carrots, organic squash, organic broccoli, organic apples, organic cranberries, organic blueberries, organic pumpkin seeds, organic sunflower seeds, montmorillonite clay, organic parsley, organic apple cider vinegar, salmon oil, organic coconut oil, organic quinoa sprout powder, dried organic kelp, organic ground alfalfa, organic rosemary extract, vitamin E supplement
Fiber (estimated dry matter content) = 1%
The first ingredient in this dog food is beef heart. Although it doesn’t sound very appetizing to us humans, heart tissue is pure muscle – all meat. It’s naturally rich in quality protein, minerals and complex B vitamins, too.
The second ingredient is beef liver. This is an organ meat sourced from a named animal and thus considered a beneficial component.
The third ingredient is ground beef bone, an excellent source of natural calcium.
The next ingredient includes kale. Kale is a type of cabbage in which the central leaves do not form a head. This dark green vegetable is especially rich in beta-carotene, vitamins C, vitamin K and calcium.
And like broccoli, kale contains sulforaphane, a natural chemical believed to possess potent anti-cancer properties.
The fifth ingredient lists carrots. Carrots are rich in beta-carotene, minerals and dietary fiber.
The sixth item is squash. Squash is a nutritious addition high in complex carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and dietary fiber.
The seventh ingredient is broccoli. Broccoli is a healthy green vegetable and a member of the kale family. It’s notably rich in vitamin C and fiber and numerous other nutrients.
The eighth ingredient is apple, a nutrient-rich fruit that’s also high in fiber.
The ninth ingredient lists cranberries, a nutrient-rich fruit that’s also high in fiber.
But to be realistic, ingredients located this far down the list (other than nutritional supplements) are not likely to affect the overall rating of this Primal product.
With 5 notable exceptions…
First, we find montmorillonite clay, a naturally occurring compound rich in many trace minerals. Montmorillonite has been approved for use in USDA Organic Certified products.
Reported benefits include the binding of certain mold-based toxins and even controlling diarrhea and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
Next, we note the inclusion of coconut oil, a natural oil rich in medium-chain fatty acids.
Medium-chain triglycerides have been shown to improve cognitive function in older dogs.1
Because of its proven safety2 as well as its potential to help in the treatment of canine cognitive dysfunction syndrome (CDS) and chronic skin disorders, MCT can be considered a positive addition to this recipe.
In addition, this food has alfalfa, a flowering member of the pea family. Although alfalfa is high in protein (18%) and fiber, it’s uncommon to see it used in a dog food. This hay-family ingredient is more commonly associated with horse feeds.
Next, pumpkin seeds are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals and, more importantly, linoleic acid – an essential omega-6 fat.
And lastly, except for the vitamin E, we find no mention of added vitamins or minerals on the ingredients list, but we’re reassured to find a detailed list of naturally present nutrients on the company’s website. 3
Primal Freeze-Dried Formula
Dog Food Review
Since this recipe contains a number of organic ingredients, we feel compelled to grant this line a more favorable status as we consider its final rating.
That’s because organic ingredients must comply with notably more stringent government standards – standards which significantly restrict the use of any synthetic pesticides, herbicides, insecticides, hormones or antibiotics.
Based on its ingredients alone, Primal Freeze-Dried Formula Dog Food looks like an exceptional raw product.
The dashboard displays a dry matter protein reading of 50%, a fat level of 39% and estimated carbohydrates of about 3%.
As a group, the brand features an average protein content of 46% and a mean fat level of 32%. Together, these figures suggest a carbohydrate content of 14% for the overall product line.
And a fat-to-protein ratio of about 68%.
Above-average protein. Above-average fat. And below-average carbs when compared to other raw dog foods.
Even when you consider the mild protein-boosting effect of the alfalfa, this looks like the profile of a raw dog food containing an abundance of meat.
However, with 64% of the total calories in our example coming from fat versus just 33% from protein, some recipes may not be suitable for every animal.
Primal Freeze-Dried Formula is a grain-free raw dog food using an generous of named meats and organs as its main source of animal protein, thus receiving 5 stars.
For even more raw diet suggestions, be sure to visit the Advisor’s Recommended Raw Dog Foods summary page.
Primal Dog Food
The following list (if present) includes all dog food recalls since 2009 directly related to Primal. If there are no recalls listed in this section, we have not yet reported any events.
Primal Dog Food Recall of December 2017 (12/22/2017)
You can view a complete list of all dog food recalls sorted by date. Or view the same list sorted alphabetically by brand.
- Pan Y et al, Dietary supplementation with medium-chain TAG has long-lasting cognition-enhancing effects in aged dogs, British Journal of Nutrition, Volume 103, Issue 12, June 2010, pp 1746-1754 ↩
- Matulka RA et al, Lack of toxicity by medium chain triglycerides (MCT) in canines during a 90-day feeding study,Food Chem Toxicol, Jan 2009, 47(1) 35-9.